Sunday, 10 December 2023

NLP Python Code Examples: A Collection of NLP Programs and Techniques Written in Python

09 Mar 2023

Natural Language Processing (NLP) has become an essential field of study in the world of data science. It enables computers to understand human language and its complexities, including nuances in meaning, tone, and context. Python is one of the most popular programming languages for NLP because of its simplicity, flexibility, and abundance of libraries. In this article, we will present a collection of NLP Python code examples to help you explore various techniques and applications of NLP in Python.

Introduction to NLP

Before diving into the code examples, let’s first understand what NLP is and what it can do. NLP is a subfield of artificial intelligence and computational linguistics that focuses on the interaction between computers and humans through natural language. It enables machines to read, understand, and generate human language. Some examples of NLP applications include sentiment analysis, machine translation, chatbots, and speech recognition.

Building an NLP Application in Python

Now that we have seen some code examples for NLP in Python, let’s build a simple NLP application that can extract named entities from a given text using SpaCy.

Step 1: Install and Import Dependencies

To use SpaCy, we first need to install it and download the language model that we want to use. We can install SpaCy using pip by running the following command in our terminal:

pip install spacy

Once SpaCy is installed, we can download the language model that we want to use. For example, if we want to use the English language model, we can download it by running the following command:

python -m spacy download en_core_web_sm

After installing and downloading the necessary dependencies, we can import them in our Python code as follows:

import spacy

nlp = spacy.load(“en_core_web_sm”)

Step 2: Define Input Text

Next, we need to define the input text that we want to extract named entities from. For this example, let’s use the following text:

text = “John Smith works at Google in New York City. He is a software engineer and has been with the company for 5 years.”

Step 3: Process the Text

Once we have defined the input text, we can process it using SpaCy by creating a Doc object:

doc = nlp(text)

This will tokenize the text and apply various linguistic annotations to it.

Step 4: Extract Named Entities

Now that we have processed the text, we can extract named entities using the ents property of the Doc object:

for ent in doc.ents:

    print(ent.text, ent.label_)

This will print out the named entities and their corresponding entity types:

John Smith PERSON

Google ORG

New York City GPE

5 years DATE

Step 5: Analyze the Results

Finally, we can analyze the extracted named entities to gain insights from the text. For example, we can count the number of named entities of each entity type:

entity_types = {}

for ent in doc.ents:

    entity_types[ent.label_] = entity_types.get(ent.label_, 0) + 1


This will print out the number of named entities of each entity type:

{‘PERSON’: 1, ‘ORG’: 1, ‘GPE’: 1, ‘DATE’: 1}


In this article, we have seen how Python can be used for natural language processing (NLP) tasks such as text preprocessing, named entity recognition, and text classification. We have presented various NLP Python code examples using popular libraries such as NLTK, SpaCy, and Gensim.

We have also built a simple NLP application using SpaCy to extract named entities from a given text. By leveraging the power of Python and its libraries, we can easily build powerful NLP applications that can extract meaningful insights from unstructured text data.

If you are interested in learning more about NLP and Python, there are numerous resources available online, including tutorials, courses, and forums. Keep exploring and experimenting with NLP in Python, and you will discover endless possibilities for building intelligent applications that can understand and interpret human language.